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The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Phase Change

This example demonstrates how to model a phase change and predict its impact on a heat transfer analysis. When a material changes phase, for instance from solid to liquid, energy is added to the solid. Instead of creating a temperature rise, the energy alters the material’s molecular structure. Equations for the latent heat of phase changes appear in many texts but their implementation is ...

DC Characteristics of a MOS Transistor (MOSFET)

This model calculates the DC characteristics of a simple MOSFET. The drain current versus gate voltage characteristics are first computed in order to determine the threshold voltage for the device. Then the drain current vs drain voltage characteristics are computed for several gate voltages. The linear and saturation regions for the device can be identified from these plots.

Laser Heating of a Silicon Wafer

A silicon wafer is heated up by a laser that moves radially in and out over time. In addition, the wafer itself is rotated on its stage. The incident heat flux from the laser is modeled as a spatially distributed heat source on the surface. The transient thermal response of the wafer is shown. The peak, average, and minimum temperature during the heating process is computed, as well as the ...

Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media

The first model describes the simultaneous flow of two immiscible fluids in porous media - here air displaces water in a multi-step inlet pressure experiment. We solve for the pressure and the degree saturation for the air and water within a representative volume and so track saturation levels rather than estimating a discrete location for the air-water interface. A second example is also ...

Laminar Flow in a Baffled Stirred Mixer

This model exemplifies the use of the Rotating Machinery interface, which allows you to model moving rotating parts in, for example, stirred tanks, mixers, and pumps. The Rotating Machinery interface formulates the Navier-Stokes equations in a rotating coordinate system. Parts that are not rotated are expressed in the fixed material coordinate system. The rotating and fixed parts need to be ...

Vibrating Beam in Fluid Flow

A classical flow pattern is the von Kármán vortex street that can form as fluid flows past an object. These vortices may induce vibrations in the object. This problem involves a fluid-structure interaction where the large deformation affect the flow path. The magnitude and the frequencies of the oscillation generated by the fluid around the structure is computed and compared with the values ...

Forced and Natural Convection Cooling of Circuit Boards

The suite of models examine the air cooling of circuit boards populated with multiple integrated circuits (ICs), which act as heat sources. Two possible cooling scenarios are depicted: vertically aligned boards using natural convection, and horizontal boards with forced convection (fan cooling). In this case, contributions caused by the induced (forced) flow of air dominate the cooling. To ...

Squeezed-Film Gas Damping in an Accelerometer

Squeezed-film gas damping is a critical aspect of many MEMS transducers and actuators. In accelerometers, for example, inertia produces a motion that the device detects. A typical structure connects a large proof mass to surrounding structures with elastic beams, which forms a mechanical oscillator with a specific resonance frequency. However, in accurate motion-detection applications these ...

Airflow Over an Ahmed Body

The Ahmed body represents a simplified, ground vehicle geometry of a bluff body type. Its shape is simple enough to allow for accurate flow simulation but retains some important practical features relevant to automobile bodies. This model describes how to calculate the turbulent flow field around a simple car-like geometry using the Turbulent Flow, k-epsilon interface. Detailed instructions ...

Impedance Matching of a Lossy Ferrite 3-port Circulator

A lossy ferrite circulator at 3GHz is modeled. Geometrical design parameters are varied to match the impedance for minimal reflection of the fundamental TE10 rectangular waveguide mode.

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