Improving Vascular Access for the Treatment of ESRD Patients

Bridget Cunningham | March 1, 2016

When diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), a form of permanent kidney failure, patients must undergo dialysis to replace the blood cleaning function of kidneys. Dialysis requires vascular access, a process where blood is removed, purified, and returned to the patient’s vasculature. Current methods for providing access, however, suffer from high failure rates. Combining CFD simulations with shape optimization techniques provides a way to better understand and predict such failure.

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Fabrice Schlegel | January 13, 2016

To accurately compute lift and drag forces and optimize any airfoil following the NACA naming convention, COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.2 includes a new example, the NACA Airfoil Optimization app. In this blog post, we discuss how the app can be used for production applications and how you can benefit from using the Application Builder to enhance your own models and apps.

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Caty Fairclough | January 4, 2016

Studying fish locomotion enables researchers to design vehicles and robots that can skillfully navigate aquatic environments. Performing such studies requires fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analyses of the fish and their environments. Using COMSOL Multiphysics, researchers from the Università Roma Tre were able to simulate carangiform swimming, a type of fish movement, and accurately evaluate its dynamics.

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Ed Fontes | December 16, 2015

In COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.2, the CFD and Microfluidics modules include a new fluid flow interface for modeling separated three-phase flow. The model behind this fluid flow interface accounts for surface tension between each pair of fluids, contact angles with the walls, as well as the density and viscosity of each of the fluids. The phase field method computes the shape of the interfaces between the three phases and also accounts for interactions with walls.

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Phillip Oberdorfer | December 9, 2015

When a vehicle rapidly accelerates or brakes, the liquid within its tanks moves back and forth, producing dynamic forces and splashing — a process known as sloshing. Using COMSOL Multiphysics, a team of simulation engineers at IAV found that these forces could be efficiently reduced through the numerical optimization of the internal wave breakers, without impeding the fluid supply. Today, we’ll explore this force reduction approach and the principles behind it with our own tank geometry example.

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Caty Fairclough | December 7, 2015

Microchannels are versatile structures that can be used for thermal management. One way to optimize heat transfer within such systems is by adding a pin fin heat sink to the microchannel configuration. Applying this approach, a team of researchers created a novel pin fin design, analyzing its heat transfer efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics. They presented their innovative work at the COMSOL Conference 2015 Boston.

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Fanny Littmarck | December 2, 2015

Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) affect millions of people around the globe. While the most common cause of HAI is direct contact with the source, airborne bacteria may also play a role in patient infections. To prevent airborne infection and make hospital clean rooms safer, it’s important to design efficient ventilation systems. As an added benefit, efficient ventilation designs also lead to lower energy-related costs. The first step to a better design is CFD modeling.

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Phil Kinnane | November 5, 2015

Cricket is the second most popular sport in the world, but it’s also considered an art. This is seen in the technical abilities required by the batsman to protect his wicket and go on to score runs. It’s also due to the type of bowling used to get the batsman out, which depends on a myriad of physical factors. Here, we investigate one of these techniques — the art of swing bowling.

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Fabio Bocchi | October 14, 2015

As a technical support engineer, one of the most common technical questions I receive is: “How can I compute the mass conservation of a fluid flow simulation or the energy balance of a conjugate heat transfer simulation?” This is often requested to investigate and ensure a simulation’s accuracy. Here, I will demonstrate how to perform these calculations in COMSOL Multiphysics and introduce some of the predefined variables available for postprocessing the energy rate terms of the energy balance equation.

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Bridget Cunningham | September 15, 2015

Previously on the blog, we introduced you to the constructal law, the law of physics that accounts for the natural tendency of designs to evolve freely over time to flow more easily. As research has been conducted to support this pattern of design evolution, an even greater phenomenon has come to light: Humans and technology are one species, evolving together.

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Brianne Costa | September 9, 2015

Fluid dampers have a range of uses, from stabilizing skyscrapers to controlling fluid flow in microflow devices. Through a process called viscous heating, these dampers are able to dissipate mechanical energy into heat. Too much heat can cause damage to the damper, so it’s important to understand the viscous heating process when optimizing your fluid damper designs.

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