Energy Exchange During Electron Emission from Carbon Nanotubes: Considerations on Tip Cooling Effect and Destruction of the Emitter
M. Dionne, S. Coulombe, and J. Meunier
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Murphy and Good general theory for electron emission from metal surfaces was used to predict the field-emission capabilities of ideal arrays of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNT). The Nottingham effect was taken into account in order to explain experimental observation of a localized cooling of the VACNT tips during field emission and the total destruction of very short emitters at ...
C. Trenado, D. Strauss[1,2], and M. Wittmar
Computational Diagnostics & Biocybernetics Unit, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
Leibniz-Institute for New Materials, Saarbrücken, Germany
Progress in coating technology has allowed for the development of free-chromate corrosion inhibitors, which are able to smartly migrate when required. In order to support the coating design, we propose a hybrid mathematical model to study the inhibitor's release by taking into account the thermodynamics and kinetics involved in the corrosion process. The proposed model is ...
K. Zhou, S. Alpay, and S. Boggs
Institute of Material Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Finite Element analysis is used to model 2-D and 3-D paraelectric-dielectric composites (BaTiO3 spherical fillers randomly distributed in constant dielectric matrix). The effective dielectric response and tunability are studied under different filler sizes and different volume fractions. The results are consistent with previous theoretical and experimental results: with the increasing of filler ...
B. Bozzini, S. Maci, I. Sgura, R. Lo Presti, and E. Simonetti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy
This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...
Chief Technology Officer, COMSOL
Ed Fontes is CTO at COMSOL with specific interest in the transport-reaction products. He has 14 years experience of modeling transport phenomena in industry and 6 years of supervising research projects in Academia. Ed Fontes received his PhD in Electrochemical Engineering from the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden) in 1995.
Filip Van den Abeele
Simulation Expert, OCAS, Belgium
OCAS is a joint venture between ArcelorMittal and the Flemish Region. She uses COMSOL Multiphysics for the following: Enamel solidification Magnetic Pulse Forming Electromagnetic modelling of electric machines Vortex Induced Vibrations Model Identification for Orthotropic Materials and much more ---------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography:Filip Van den Abeele has a ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert
Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool ...
Coupled Hydro-Mechanical Analysis of Excavation Damaged Zones around an Underground Opening in Sedimentary Rock
H. Abdi, E. Evgin, M. Fall, T.S. Nguyen, and G. Su
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada
A large amount of research work has been carried out in many countries to determine the viability of radioactive waste disposal in deep geological repositories. It is well known that excavation can cause damage around underground openings. On the other hand, the mechanical damage can influence the stability of the opening and the flow characteristics of the rock mass. In addition, all physical ...
O. Richter, F. Suhling, and S. Moenickes
Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany
The spatial dynamics of the invasion of new species and genetic dispersal is studied under the presumption of rising temperature by using a coherent approach of coupled partial differential equations of the reaction diffusion type. The nonlinear reaction terms model the population dynamics, genetic exchange and competition. Temperature reaction norms of reproduction rates are conferred by a two ...
COMSOL Multiphysics, TOUGHREACT and Numerrin Comparison in Some Modelling Tasks of Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal
A. Itälä, V-M. Pulkkanen, M. Laitinen, M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö, and M. Olin
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland
Numerola Oy, Jyväskylä, Finland
Bentonite clay is used as a protecting barrier around both the copper capsules in deposition holes and in deposition tunnels in the KBS-3 final disposal concept for spent nuclear fuel. The performance of these bentonite barriers will be investigated both experimentally and by modelling. Both approaches are needed, because for example the time span in question (hundred thousand years or even ...