B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...
T. Santos, L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa
University of Aveiro, Portugal
I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal
In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...
2D Axial-Symmetric Model For Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer In The Melting And Resolidification Of A Vertical Cylinder
S. Morville, M. Carin, M. Muller, M. Gharbi, P. Peyre, D. Carron, P. Le Masson, and R. Fabro
Laboratoire LIMATB, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient , France
Laboratoire PIMM, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France
Laser direct deposition is a process, different from molding or machining, which allows the producing of fully densified and operational components. This technique involves injecting metal powder through a coaxial nozzle into a melt pool obtained by a moving laser beam. The final object is obtained by superimposing the layers created by the process. The roughness of the functional part is ...
C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France
The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...
I. Bogdanov, S. Jardel, A. Turki, and A. Kamp
Open & Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil, University of Pau, Pau, France
Pore-scale modeling of multiphase flow through porous media is addressed most frequently to improve our understanding of flow and transport phenomena in such settings. It can be used to obtain macro-scale constitutive equations, to assign multiphase flow properties in large scale models, to predict how these properties may vary with rock type, wettability, etc. The description of a physical ...
T. Bödrich, H. Neubert, and R. Disselnkötter
Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
ABB AG, Forschungszentrum Deutschland, Ladenburg, Germany
The operation of transformers is characterised by strong dynamic interactions between the magnetic system and the electric circuits that are connected to the primary and econdary windings. Transient finite element modelling (FEM) of the transformer with coupling to SPICE circuit models containing the electrical sources and loads is a powerful means for analysis and design. This paper describes ...
Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
L. Spicci, and M. Cati
Esaote SpA, Florence, Italy
The technology involved in high performance ultrasound imaging probes needs a reliable model to help in new projects development and performance simulations. To achieve a useful model, it is necessary to use correct values for all material parameters involved in the electro-acoustical performances of the piezoelectric material, but unfortunately some of these parameters are known only with high ...
L. Santandrea, and Y. Le Bihan
Laboratoire de Génie Electrique de Paris, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Eddy current testing (ECT) is widely used to check the integrity of electrically conducting parts and notably to detect flaws. It is based on the interaction between a probe and the part under testing. The finite element method (FEM) is well fitted to the modelling of these kinds of problems because of its large flexibility which allows to deal with complex probe and part configurations. In this ...
M. Kavasoglu, R. Haettel, and C.H. Ploetner
ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
ABB Transformers, Varennes, Canada
Transformers, as any other industrial products, have to comply with various requirements on noise levels. Three main sources of noise can be identified in transformers: no-load noise or core noise generated by magnetostriction in the core steel laminations, load noise produced by electromagnetic forces in the windings and noise due to auxiliary equipment such as fans and pumps used in the cooling ...