Design of heat flux microsensor assisted by COMSOL for the study of energy transfer on Si and Cu thin samples
L. Bedra, N. Semmar, A.-L. Thomann, R. Dussart, J. Mathias, and Y. Tessier
GREMI, CNRS-Université d'Orléans, Orléans, France
A commercial heat probe is used for energy transfer measurements on copper and silicon substrates. To do so, the micro sensor has to be calibrated under high vacuum (~10-7 mbar), using a homemade black body as a heat source.Although the HFM is cooled at 5 oC, the solid surface temperature is unknown as the thermal contact resistance. Thus, COMSOL simulations are also used to obtain reliable ...
J. P. Caire, and F. Jomard
LEPMI, ENSEEG, Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The purpose of this study was the optimization of an industrial furnace from a thermal point of view. Such a cylindrical furnace contains an Al-Mg molten alloy covered by a KCl-NaCl molten salt layer floating on it to prevent alloy evaporation. When tilting the cylindrical furnace, it was necessary to compute the relation between the salt and alloy volumes and the area of the liquid alloy/salt ...
M. F. Santillo1, and A. G. Ewing1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
A microfluidic device for performing multiplexed cell bioassays has been successfully developed. The device takes advantage of laminar flow and hydrodynamic focusing in order to selectively load cells into various culture chambers and address cells with pharmacological agents. Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and fluorescence microscopy illustrate how fluid flow can be ...
S. L. Butler
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada
Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...
Study of the CO2 Transfer Rate in a Reacting Flow for the Refined Sodium Bicarbonate Production Process
C. Wylock, A. Larcy, P. Colinet, T. Cartage, and B. Haut
Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
Solvay S.A., Brussels, Belgium
This work deals with the quantification of the CO2 transfer rate from a bubble to the surrounding liquid in a bubble column. A model is successfully developed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The validated model is used to study the enhancement influence of chemical reactions on the transfer rate. Moreover, the results of this study are compared with a classical 1-D approach and excellent comparison is ...
Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations
K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany
We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...
X. Wang, R. Guthrie, and M. Isac
McGill Metals Processing Centre, Montreal, Canada.
A numerical multiphase flow model is proposed to predict the behavior and motion of entrained inclusions in liquid steel, as they enter the orifice of a LiMCA (Liquid Metal Cleanliness Analyzer) sensor for assuring steel quality. The method of measurement is based on the electric sensing zone (ESZ) technique. The liquid metal flow field within the ESZ is obtained by solving the Navier-Stokes ...
Modelling the Thermal Impact of a Repository for High-Level Radioactive Waste in a Clay Host Formation
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Waste & Disposal Department, Mol, Belgium
Disposal in deep clay geological formations is one of the promising options for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Yet, they can generate considerable amounts of heat as a side effect of radioactive decay. This paper shows how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to evaluate the physical impacts of the heating on the geological media around a deep disposal system. The software was found ...
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
We are developing approximations of electrically anisotropic materials for use in novel imaging methods. Our modeling work in COMSOL comprises comparisons of anisotropic and layered models in terms of electrical conductivities measured using different strategies. We tested solution stability in one anisotropic case by varying mesh anisotropy. In our case, good approximations to the true ...
K. Zhou, S. Alpay, and S. Boggs
Institute of Material Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Finite Element analysis is used to model 2-D and 3-D paraelectric-dielectric composites (BaTiO3 spherical fillers randomly distributed in constant dielectric matrix). The effective dielectric response and tunability are studied under different filler sizes and different volume fractions. The results are consistent with previous theoretical and experimental results: with the increasing of filler ...