Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Transport of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry

Q.A. Chaudhry[1], M. Hanke[1], and R. Morgenstern[2]
[1]School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...

Modeling Interface Response in Cellular Adhesion

G. Megali[1], D. Pellicanò[1], M. Cacciola[1], F. Calarco[1], D. De Carlo[1], F. Laganà[1], and F.C. Morabito[1]

[1]DIMET Department, Faculty of Engineering, University “Mediterranea” of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy

Constitutive properties of living cells are able to withstand physiological environment as well as mechanical stimuli occurring within and outside the body. We examined fluid flow and Neo-Hookean deformation related to the rolling effect. A mechanical model to describe the cellular adhesion with detachment is here proposed. We developed a finite element analysis, simulating blood cells attached ...

Modeling of Retinal Electrical Stimulation Using a Micro Electrode Array Coupled with the Gouy-Chapman Electrical Double Layer Model to Investigate Stimulation Efficiency

F. Dupont, R. Scapolan, C. Condemine, J.F. Bêche, M. Belleville, and P. Pham
CEA, LETI, Minatec, Grenoble, France

The electrical stimulation for retinal implant has known significant improvements in the last decades with many implantations and experimentations. The ability to create better controlled and adapted signals to increase the efficiency in stimulation is a major objective. The aim of this study is to develop a numerical platform based on COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate different waveforms. The ...

Modeling Arterial Drug Transport From Drug-eluting Stents: Effect of Blood Flow on the Concentration Distribution Close to the Endothelial Surface

F. Bozsak, J.-M. Chomaz, and A. I. Barakat
LadHyX, Ecole Polytechnique
Palaiseau, France

Drug-eluting stents (DES) are commonly used for treating coronary atherosclerosis. Despite the broad effectiveness of DES, ~5% of treated patients experience complications including in-stent restenosis and late-stent thrombosis. Furthermore, drugs used in DES not only inhibit proliferation of smooth muscle cells but also affect re-endothelialization. We have developed a computational model ...

Transport and Concentration of Charged Molecules in a Lipid Membrane - new

S. D. Evans[1], J. S. Roth[1], M. R. Cheetham[1]
[1]University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

Brownian ratchets and electric fields are used for the transport of membrane components. Transport is achieved through the combination of a pattern with free diffusion. We show a good agreement between simulation and experiment, therefore allowing for further optimisation of the ratchets using COMSOL Multiphysics. In addition to the transport device we also introduce the possibility to ...

Kinetics of Proteins in the Blood-Brain Barrier

K. Gandhi [1],
[1] University of California, Riverside, CA, USA

The delivery of chemotherapy for cancer into the central nervous system, in particular the brain, remains a challenge. This results in brain metastases commonly being a cause of death from cancer. Here, we look at the environment of the blood-brain barrier. Then, we explore two proteins (breast cancer resistance protein and p-glycoprotein) that may inhibit the transport of medications (erlotinib ...

Advanced Modeling of a Lung-on-a-Chip Microdevice

M. J. Hancock [1], N. H. Elabbasi [1],
[1] Veryst Engineering, Needham, MA, USA

Organ-on-a-chip microdevices combine microfluidics, MEMS, and biotechnology techniques to mimic the multicellular architectures, tissue-tissue interfaces, physicochemical microenvironments, and vascular perfusion of the body.[1] Such devices are being developed to provide better levels of tissue and organ functionality compared with conventional cell culture systems, and have great potential to ...

Blood Flow Patterns in a Patient Specific Right Coronary Artery with Multiple Stenoses - new

B. Liu[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA

Atherosclerotic lesions preferentially develop in certain regions like bifurcations, branches, and bends [1, 2]. A possible explanation for such a preferential localization of atherosclerosis is that the geometry of the vessel influences the blood flow pattern. It suggests that the arterial geometry plays an important role in determining the localized blood flow information. Thus hemodynamic ...

Simulations of Microelectrode and Neuron Interfaces Enable Long-Term and High Fidelity Recordings

P. Wijdenes [1], H. Ali [2], N. Syed [3], C. Dalton [2],
[1] Centre for Bioengineering Research and Education, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
[2] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
[3] Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Our inability to record single cell activity with high resolution over a long period of time precludes fundamental understanding of nervous system functions, both under normal and pathological conditions. While the fabrication of current micro- and nano-electrodes has advanced our capabilities to perform long-term recordings, this has been at the expense of signal resolution due to low sealing ...

3-D Finite Element Modeling of Brain Edema: Initial Studies on Intracranial Pressure Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

X.G. Li[1], H. von Holst[1][2], J. Ho[1], and S. Kleiven[1]

[1]Division of Neuronic Engineering, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Brain edema is one of the most common consequences of serious traumatic brain injuries which is usually accompanied with increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP) due to water content increment. A three dimensional finite element model of brain edema is used to study intracranial pressure in this paper. Three different boundary conditions at the end of Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) were used to ...