Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Computational Modeling of the Impact of Solar Irradiance on Chemical Degradation of Painted Wall Hangings in a Historical Interior - new

Z. Huijbregts[1], A. van Schijndel[1], H. Schellen[1], K. Keune[2], M. Eikema Hommes[3,4]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[3]Cultural Heritage Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[4]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

The historic Hofkeshuis in Almelo (The Netherlands) locates a unique work of art: three walls in the rear salon of the private house are covered with an 18th century series of painted wall hangings (Figure 1). The simple and similar pigmentation of the paintings, their original hanging, and the few cleaning interventions make it possible to use the degree of the formation of lead soaps, so ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Energy Conversion and Storage Concepts Based on Oxide Crystals - new

C. Cherkouk[1], M. Zschornak[1], J. Hanzig[1], M. Nentwich[1], F. Meutzner[1], M. Urena[1], T. Leisegang[2], D. C. Meyer[1]
[1]Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universität Bergakademie, Freiberg, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer-Technologiezentrum, Freiberg, Germany

A mathematical model based on a finite element method (FEM) is presented as an initial approach for a system converting waste heat energy into chemical energy. This system consists of a pyroelectric LiNbO3 plate placed into a cylinder which undergoes a laminar water flow with an appropriate periodic heat source. It solves the heat transfer equation in non-isothermal flow, where the density of ...

Short-Term Behavior and Steady-State Value of BHE Thermal Resistance - new

S. Lazzari[1], A. Priarone[2],
[1]DIN, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[2]DIME-TEC, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

The transient behavior of the thermal resistance of single and double U-tube borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) is investigated numerically by means of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with reference to the 2D cross section of usually employed BHEs. The study is performed in a dimensionless parametrical form, the parameters being the ratio between the thermal conductivities of grout and ground, the ...

3D Modeling of Hydrogen Absorption in Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage Bottles

R. Busqué [1], R. Torres [1], A. Husar [2], J. Grau [1]
[1] Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain

The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...

Heat-Sink Solution through Artificial Nanodielectrics for LED Lighting Application

N. Badi[1], R. Mekala[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Center for Advanced Materials, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
[2]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA

Thermally conducting but electrically insulating materials are needed for heat-sink LED lighting applications. We report on a cost effective and innovative method based on creating core-shell nanoparticles in polymer with aluminum (Al) nanoparticles as the high thermal conductivity core and ultrathin aluminum oxide (Al?O?) as a capping shell. The solid oxide shell around the Al core prevents ...

Modeling of Energy Efficient Continuous Sterilisation of ABP from Food Wastes

S. Dalrymple[1], R. Heslop[1]
[1]C-Tech Innovation Ltd. , Capenhurst, United Kingdom

Ohmic heating is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) faces all these ...

Toward Energy Zero Building: A COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of Building and its HVAC System - new

F. Bruno[1]
[1]ENERSPACE Srl, Genoa, Italy

A model built with COMSOL Multiphysics® to exploit meteorological forecasts and instant outdoor meteorological data (temperature, solar radiation, moisture, wind speed and direcition, etc.) together with indoor ambient data (air temperature, radiant temperature of enclosures, etc), building parameters (mass, orientation, surface, structural composition, etc.) and historical consumption of ...

Thermomechanical Modeling of Dislocation Density Increase During PVT of SiC Crystals

D. Jauffrès [1], J. M. Dedulle [2], D. Chaussende [2], K. Ariyawong [2]
[1] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, SIMAP, CNRS, Grenoble, France
[2] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, CNRS, Grenoble, France

During Physical Vapor Transport (PVT) growth of single 4H-SiC crystal and subsequent cooling down, thermal stresses lead to the multiplication of dislocations that are non-desirable for the semiconductor applications of this material. These dislocations induced by thermal stresses could be reduced by an appropriate control of the thermal gradients inside du crystal during its growth and cooling ...

Simulation of Laser-Material Interactions for Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopy Experiments

B.W. Reed[1], T.B. LaGrange[1], G.H. Campbell[1], and N.D. Browning[1,2]
[1]Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
[2]University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA

The Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a unique instrument able to capture images of fast-evolving microstructure with exposure times of only 15 ns. This is more than six orders of magnitude faster than conventional in situ electron microscopy and has enabled new insights into phase transformations, chemical reactions, and materials ...

Integrated Solar Thermal Collector with Heat Storage

A.R. Sánchez-Guitard[1], E. Ruiz-Reina[1]
[1]University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain

In this work, we study the design of a new integrated system for Solar Water Heating that combines the solar thermal energy collection (primary circuit) with the heat storage (secondary circuit) into the same device. We have performed different finite element method simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics®, for solving the equations of heat transfer (conduction and convection) and those of fluid ...