F. Neff , T. Miquel , M. Johlitz ,
 Universität der Bundeswehr München, Munich, Germany
 École polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, a new model was implemented with the Physics Builder functionality, which provides a thermomechanical coupling. It consists of two independent physics interfaces, one for the mechanical, viscoelastic behavior and one for the heat transfer. With the multiphysics coupling features it is now possible to add the effects of thermal expansion and dissipation or ...
Optimal Thermal Design of Converged-Diverged Microchannel Heat Sinks for High Heat Flux Applications
D. Chakravarthii , S. Subramani , M. Devarajan ,
 Univeristy of Science Malaysia (USM), Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia
With the advancements in aerospace technology, micro-electromechanical systems, hybrid data centres and microfluidics, the miniature size electronic chips in such applications are need of the century. The major challenge in microelectronic chips is to eliminate the generated heat for stable and reliable operation of devices. Microchannel heat sinks are efficient method to dissipate heat when the ...
Heat Loss Evaluation of an Experimental Set-up for Predicting the Initial Stage of the Boiling Curve for Water at low Pressure
K. T. Witte, F. Dammel, L. Schnabel, and P. Stephan
Fraunhofer Institut Solare Energiesysteme - Department of Thermal Systems and Buildings, Freiburg, Germany
Technische Universität Darmstadt - Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Darmstadt, Germany
In this paper heat losses and gains are assessed for a specific measuring set-up improving the validity of performance data to accurately predict the initial stage of a boiling curve. Simulation focus on achieving results predicting real measuring data of a plain surface structure. Therefore, the relevant components of the measuring set-up have been implemented in a 2-D axisymmetric model ...
A. Krishnamurthy, G. Chen, B. Ulmen, D. Ahern, G. Miley
University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
The Helicon-Injected Inertial Plasma Electrostatic Rocket (HIIPER) is a two-stage electric propulsion system comprising of a helicon plasma source and an inertial electrostatic confinement (IEC) device for plasma production and acceleration, respectively. Several diagnostics such as a Faraday cup, spherical Langmuir probe, and gridded energy analyzer have been developed for analyzing various ...
R. Kher , C. Gallaschun , D. Crockill , R. Pillai , ,
 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Air supply hoses are also predominantly used in the medical industry to aid in patient oxygen intake. In many situations, the outside of the hose can be contaminated with chemicals, especially if the hose lies on the ground in an environment where chemicals are easily found. Permeation and transport of chemicals into the walls of air supply hoses is a noteworthy problem in the chemical ...
P-O. Johansson, and J. Wollerstrand
Lund University, Lund, Sweden
In a hydronic space heating system the heat output arises from natural convection and radiation from the radiators. In order to increase the heat output, without replacing the radiators with larger ones, or increasing the temperature level, the radiator can be equipped with add-onfan blowers. In the latter case, the heat output from the radiator will increase due to increased convection. This ...
Multiphysics Process Simulation of Static Magnetic Fields in High Power Laser Beam Welding of Aluminum
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
The article deals with the application of the Hartmann effect in high power laser beam welding of aluminum. The movement of liquid metal in a magnetic field causes electric currents which build a Lorentz force that decelerates the original flow. The numerical model calculates the influence of a steady magnetic field on partial penetration keyhole laser beam welding of aluminum. Three-dimensional ...
P. Van Ransbeeck , R. Benoot , B. Van Der Smissen 
 University College Ghent, Faculty of Science and Nature, Department of Mechatronics, Belgium
This publication aims to investigate conjugate heat and mass transfer around a clothed virtual manikin. This research can be performed at different scales: (1) at material scale where a piece of textile is investigated in 1D or 2D space or (2) at system level where a clothed cylindrical body (2D) or a complete manikin (3D) is modeled. The work is based on previous methods and results from ...
Thermal Performance of a Deviated Deep Borehole Heat Exchanger: Insights from a Synthetic Heat and Flow Model
M. Le Lous , F. Larroque , A. Dupuy , A. Moignard 
 ENSEGID, Bordeaux, France
 Fonroche Géothermie, Pau, France
Earth heat exchangers are drawing increasing attention and popularity due to their efficiency, sustainability and universality. In addition, DBHE can offer higher temperatures and more return on investment than conventional system. DBHE is also an alternative to geothermal power generation or to direct use applications in an extreme engineered (or enhanced) geothermal systems (EGS). However, the ...
A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Interface with GEMS3K for Modeling Reactive Transport (Geo)Chemical Processes
O. B. Isgor , V. J. Azad ,
 Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
This paper presents a generic interface for reactive transport process modeling that was developed between the COMSOL Multiphysics® software Java API (transport model) and GEMS3K (reaction model). While the transport of different species, kinetics of dissolution/precipitation, system potentials, fluid and gas flow, etc. can be modeled in a complex chemical system with COMSOL® software, the ...