Interpretation of Measurements with Novel Thermal Conductivity Sensors Suitable for Space Applications
N. I. Kömle, G. Kargl, E. Kaufmann, J. Knollenberg, and W. Macher
Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
DLR Institut für Planetenforschung, Berlin, Germany
Thermal conductivity of near surface soil layers is a key parameter for understanding the energy balance of planetary bodies. To measure this property, heated needle sensors are frequently used in field and laboratory applications. To adapt this type of sensors for application on space missions, various modifications have to be implemented. An example for such a modified sensor is the ...
S. Kumar, and S. Panigrahi
 Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
The novel concept of distributing the food super chilled (partially frozen) in order to prolong the shelf life has been suggested in the project. The temperature of the distribution chain is envisaged to be +5C. The suggested application has the following advantages: 1) Partial thawing of the product in the distribution chain makes it easier to handle. 2) The unhealthy and labour-demanding ...
Thermal and Electrostatic Analyses of One Dimensional CFC Diagnostic Calorimeter for SPIDER Beam Characterisation
M. De Muri, M. Dalla Palma, P. Veltri, A. Rizzolo, N. Pomaro, and G. Serianni
Consorzio RFX, Euratom-ENEA Association, Padova, Italy
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Padova University, Padova, Italy
The main purpose of SPIDER (Source for the Production of Ions of Deuterium Extracted from RF plasma) test facility is the investigation and optimization of a negative ion beam produced by the full size ion source for ITER NBIs (Neutral Beam Injectors). Thermal, transient, non-linear FE (Finite Element) analyses and also electrostatic analysis have been performed as a feasibility study, to ...
J. Dominguez, S. Poizeau, and L. Sibille
ASRC Aerospace Corporation, Kennedy Space Center, Fl, USA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Kennedy Space Center is leading research work on lunar O2 generation via electrolytic reduction of regolith. The metal oxide present in regolith is dissociated into oxygen anions and metal cations leading to the generation of gaseous oxygen at the anode and liquid metal at the cathode. The authors have developed a 3D model using a rigorous approach to not only study the effect of Joule heating on ...
C. Orfanidou, and J. Giapintzakis
Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
University of Cyprus
This paper deals with the design of a viable thermal management solution using La5Ca9Cu24O41 layers for heat channeling. The simulations are carried out with the finite element method using COMSOL Multiphysics Heat Transfer Module. COMSOL 4.2 was used to model and optimize silicon devices. Malfunctioning elements on silicon devices are sometimes converted into hotspots resulting in the ...
O. Geoffroy, and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France
The crystal growth industry uses high temperature processes. To improve production efficiency, a good knowledge of thermal effects is necessary. We show in this article a methodology to get reliable data by mixing simplified models, sensitivity studies and parameters adjustments. The precision is improved by comparison with experimental measurements.
S. Makridis, E.I. Gkanas, A. Ioannidou, E.S. Kikkinides, A.K. Stubos
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece & Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
Hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe, has great potential as an energy source, and can be generated from renewable energy sources. We used COMSOL for the solution of the energy, mass and momentum balance equations that describe the hydrogen absorption and desorption procedure in the metal hydride compressor. Thermodynamic or engineering properties like the reaction enthalpy ??, ...
M. Bottarelli, M. Bortoloni
Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Dipartimento di Architettura, Ferrara, Italia
Ground Heat Exchangers (GHXs) are rarely installed horizontally in linked ground source heat pumps used for space conditioning, because their energetic performance is lower than in the vertical solution. However, the horizontal one holds several advantages: it is easy to carry out and upkeep, it is more compliant with environmental regulations, and interferes marginally with groundwater systems. ...
E. Bozelie, P. Bruins
Saxion University Enschede, Enschede, The Netherlands
In heating upgrades, most attention is paid to the boiler. When upgrading to HR++-boilers (eff of 107%) however, difficulties may occur since the high efficiency boilers are designed for water temperatures around 40°C, while the old radiators are designed for water temperatures higher than 60°C. The resulting mismatch may lead to reduced performance, a larger carbon footprint and increased ...
A. Czirják, Z. Kőkuti, G. Tóth-Molnár, P. Ailer, L. Palkovics, G. Szabó
University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Kecskemét College, Kecskemét, Hungary
In certain cases, the accuracy of measurements with a rotational rheometer can be influenced by inefficient thermal management, by the heat generated in the sample, or by rod-climbing due to the Weissenberg effect. We investigate the effect of these phenomena with simulations in COMSOL Multiphysics®. Our model is based on the axial symmetric (2D) formulation of the two-phase flow with the ...