Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Using COMSOL to Support a Cost-Effective, Non-Destructive Evaluation Approach for Predicting Bolt Failure in Highway Bridges

A. Elyea, B. Doubek, G. Hubbard, and D. Ozevin
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL

The development of a quantitative nondestructive evaluation method, as an alternative to visual inspection, for inspecting pre-tensioned bolts in fracture critical bridges is presented. In order to understand the ultrasonic behavior of a wide variety of bolt geometries used in bridges, numerical models of nine different bolt geometries were developed. The numerical models included the ...

Estimation of Localized O2 Starvation Using 3D Modelling for PEM Fuel Cells

Ramesh P[1], S.P Duttagupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...

3D Multiphysics Analyses to Support Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Conversion of HFIR - new

P. K. Jain[1], J. D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Engineering design studies of the feasibility of conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel are ongoing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory as part of an effort sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors program. COMSOL Multiphysics® models are ...

Estimation of Volcanic Deformation Source Parameters Through Optimization of Geodetic Data at Cotopaxi Volcano, Ecuador - new

J. Hickey[1], J. Gottsmann[1], P. Mothes[2]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
[2]Instituto Geofísico, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador

Volcanic eruptions are often preceded by periods of unrest, where the behavior of the volcano deviates from a background level towards one of increasing concern [1]. Understanding what causes and contributes to unrest is a key challenge in volcanology today, influencing risk mitigation and hazard forecasting. Deformation of the volcanic edifice is one such indicator of unrest owing to a ...

Princípio Calorimétrico Aplicado a Medição de Vazão - new

T. Cavalcanti[1], A. Lima[1], J. Neto[1]
[1]Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil

Introdução: A medição adequada de vazão de fluidos é de grande importância nos processos industriais, pois tem implicações diretas na qualidade, produtividade, segurança e eficiência dos processos. Assim, torna-se necessário compreendermos como os fluidos se comportam para baixas velocidades, podendo, dessa forma, projetar estruturas que possam trabalhar em uma faixa de operação mais larga ou ...

Sensitivity Analysis for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell - new

A. Lele[1], N. Lodha[1], R. Srivastava[1], U. Bipinlal[1], A. Pandey[2], A. Paul[3]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[3]CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is an electrochemical device, which converts a part of heat from the formation of water into electricity. Each cell has a Membrane-Electrode Assembly (MEA) which is placed between two electrically conducting plates having gas flow channels. An MEA is made of a solid proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between two electrodes (anode and cathode). ...

基于超大规模并行计算的多尺度模型声振特性仿真与预报

郁殿龙 [1], 温激鸿 [1], 尹剑飞 [1],
[1] 国防科学技术大学,长沙,湖南,中国

汽车、飞行器、舰船、高速列车等工程装备中,振动和噪声问题会严重影响装备可靠性、安全性、使用寿命和人员的健康。因此,减振降噪需求迫切,相关技术和研究也得到了前所未有的重视。 国防科技大学振动与噪声控制研究团队从2003年开始,致力于基于人工周期结构理论的弹性波传播特性、调控机理及其应用探索研究。将物理学领域中声子晶体、声学超材料等人工周期结构中的新概念与工程减振降噪应用相结合,设计研发了多种声波控制器件与结构。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 声学模块的丰富接口及其处理多物理场耦合问题的强大功能,为研究团队解决复杂多尺度结构的声振特性预报和减振降噪设计提供了有力的工具。在此平台上,研究团队设计了局域共振低频吸声材料,并依托学校“天河二号”超级计算机并行计算环境,开展了元胞尺度(mm量级)到部件尺度(m量级)模型的声学特性有限元建模求解 ...

浅海声场建模预报

刘佳琪 [1], 朴胜春 [2], 唐骏 [2]
[1] 哈尔滨工程大学,哈尔滨,黑龙江,中国
[2] 挪威科技大学,特隆赫姆,挪威

海洋覆盖了地球表面百分之七十以上的面积,其中蕴藏着丰富的生物矿产资源,日益受到世界各国的重视。声波作为海水中传输信号的唯一载体,在浅海波导中的传播受海底和海面影响很大,当声波在浅海波导中发生折射反射和散射时,如何预报复杂海底边界条件下浅海中的传播特性对海洋开发有重要意义。针对含有声速剖面的沉积层海底、楔形海底及实际弹性海底,利用有限元理论,对二维浅海声场的传播损失进行数值模拟。应用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 软件的声压接口和声结构耦合接口,把地形数据导入软件模拟真实海底的地形。把浅海波导简化成分层矩形,信号源以点声源的形式向外发射单频信号,在模型定义处添加完美匹配层模拟无限远距离处声压场情况;对于含有声速剖面情况的波导问题,在 COMSOL 中可以较为便捷地以添加内插函数的形式进行仿真,与其他声场建模软件形成对比,突显有限理论元理论计算浅海传播损失的优势 ...

Modeling Contaminant Diffusion in Highly Complex Rock Structures

N. Diaz[1], A. Jakob[1], L. Van Loon[1], and D. Grolimund[2]
[1]Paul Sherrer Institut NES/LES, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
[2]Paul Sherrer Institut NES/SLS, Villigen PSI, Switzerland

Opalinus clay is currently being proposed as a potential host rock for radioactive waste repository in deep geological formation. It is then important for performance assessments to understand the transport properties of such rocks. Clay materials are characterized by low hydraulic conductivities and diffusion is assumed to be the main transport mechanism. The studied rock is a complex assembly ...

A Fully Coupled Three-Dimensional Dynamic Model of Polymeric Membranes for Fuel Cells

P. Alotto[1], M. Guarnieri[1], and F. Moro[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy

The proton exchange membrane is a key component in the currently widely studied Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In this paper a fully coupled three-dimensional dynamic numerical model of the membrane including all the physically relevant phenomena, i.e. ion transport, hydration-dependent conductivity and thermal effects is presented. The highly non-linear model is discretized by means of ...

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