P. Zilio , W. Raja , A. Alabastri , R. Proietti Zaccaria 
 Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy
 Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy
 Rice University, USA
The formation of space charge clouds is a well known problem that affects thermionic emitters in regimes of high current emission. Although some analytical models have been presented, suitable for 1D geometries, the modeling of the problem in complex 3D structures remains a challenge due to the mutual coupling between electron trajectories and field they produce. Here we propose a model able to ...
J. Sparkes ,
 Natural Materials Group, Dept of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
The ability to artificially produce silk fibers has great commercial, industrial and scientific implications. Much has been made of their remarkable mechanical properties but few have considered how they are imparted on the initially liquid silk feedstock.1 I am exploring how silk duct geometry affects the fibers produced as by understanding the flow conditions within the model, and comparing ...
Development of a RheoDSC, an Instrument for Simultaneous Rheological and Calorimetric Measurements - new
L. Van Lokeren , R. Verhelle , C. Block , P. Van Puyvelde , G. Van Assche 
 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
 Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Transformations in polymers, such as polymerisation, melting/crystallization, and phase separation/remixing, are associated with changes in both rheological and thermal properties. To permit simultaneous calorimetric and rheometric measurements, the RheoDSC was developed. The RheoDSC combines two commercial instruments, a TA Instruments Q2000 DSC and a TA Instruments AR-G2 dynamic rheometer. A ...
J. P. Pothin , N. Gosselin ,
 Nexter Systems, France
DEMETER is a magnetic field replicator. This system is designed to deceive anti tank mines. Numerical simulation (using COMSOL Multiphysics® software) allows to indicate DEMETER's performance in various environment and various configurations. The study of the magnetic field provide also an overview of mine-clearing tools disturbances on the field generated by DEMETER.
J. M. Meot , A. Briffaz , J. Jacquin , S. Rashidi 
 Cirad, UMR QualiSud, Montpellier, France
 Bureau national Interprofessionnel du Pruneau, Villeneuve, France
A 1D-axisymmetric model was built to represent the drying of a single d’Ente plum to d’Agen prune. Underlying assumptions of the model were those of Di Matteo et al. 2003. Sorption isotherms of plum come from Tsami et al, 1990 and equation structure of apparent water diffusion coefficients from Sabarez, 2001. External transfer coefficients were adjusted by direct measurements. The parameters of ...
Comparison of Industrial Agitation for Batch Reacting Vessel Mixing in Bioethanol Fermentation - new
H. Rana ,
 Loughborough University, United Kingdom
This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...
Effect of Pollution Layer Thickness on Electric Field Distribution along a Polymeric Insulator - new
Arshad , A. Nekahi , S. McMeekin , M. Farzaneh 
 School of Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, United Kingdom
 Canada Research Chair on Atmospheric Icing Engineering of Power Networks (INGIVRE), Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, QC, Canada
Electric field distributions along a polymeric insulator under wet and contaminated conditions were studied in this paper. To study the effect of pollution layer conductivity and thickness on the electric field distribution along a standard polymeric insulator, simulations were carried out with commercial simulation package COMSOL Multiphysics. Pollution layer was modeled as a conductive water ...
M. Belferman , R. Katsman , A. Agnon , Z. Ben-Avraham ,
 The Dr. Moses Strauss Department of Marine Geosciences, Leon H.Charney School of marine sciences. Haifa University, Mt. Carmel, Haifa, Israel
 Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
The Levant has been repeatedly devastated by numerous earthquakes since prehistorical times. In order to understand the role of the dynamics of the water bodies in triggering the deformations in the Levant basin, a new theoretical thermo-mechanical model is constructed and extended by including a fluid flow component, in COMSOL Multiphysics simulation environment. The latter is modeled on a ...
F. Mbailassem , Q. Leclere ,
 LVA - INSA de Lyon, France
This paper introduces an efficient model to describe energy dissipation in acoustic. When the propagation domain has hard wall boundary conditions only viscous and thermal losses happen and are completely described by the so-called Full Linearized Navier-Stokes model (FLNS) which is implemented in thermoacoutics interface using the COMSOL Acoustics Module. This model defined by a set of ...
H. N. C. Berghuijs , X. Yin , B. M. Nicolaï , P. C. Struik 
 Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands
 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven,Leuven, Belgium
Photosynthesis can be defined as the conversion of solar energy into chemical energy. In green plants, this applies to the conversion of CO2 into organic compounds. The energy stored in these compounds can later be used to supply energy to run physical and chemical processes in plant cells. Since photosynthesis allows crops to maintain themselves and to grow , it is of great importance for ...