C. Gavrila and I. Lancranjan
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
Advanced Study Centre, National Institute for Aerospace Research “Elie Carafoli”, Bucharest, Romania
Fiber optic sensors can measure a large range of physical, chemical and environmental variables such as temperature, pressure, shape, position, chemical concentration, moisture, etc. Fiber optic sensors provide measurements in applications where the conventional electrical based sensors cannot be used, due to measurement requirements such as extreme temperature, small size, high sensor count, or ...
E. Gongadze, S. Petersen, U. Beck, and U. van Rienen
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...
P.A. Wallace, M. Alsharif, D.M. Hepburn, and C. Zhou
Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Two simulations of the performance of a Paper Insulated Lead Covered (PILC) Medium Voltage (MV) underground cable are presented. The first presents the thermal response of a cable, over seven days, to a realistic load with a diurnal variation. The second concentrates on the variation of the electric field stress within the cable over a single AC cycle. The effects of a void defect within the ...
M. Quast and N.R. Lalic
Gunytronic GmbH, St Valentin, Germany
The sensor type developed by Gunytronic uses corona discharge for measuring flow rates in exhaust streams of automotives, aircrafts and industrial plants. This paper will present the development of testing equipment used in laboratory for investigating physical relations on corona currents, charged particle transport, the calculation of the collateral electric fields and high potentials. This ...
Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark
The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...
Numerical Modelling of a Free-Burning Arc in Argon. A Tool for Understanding the Optical Mirage Effect in a TIG Welding Device
J-M. Bauchire, E. Langlois-Bertrand, and C. de Izarra
GREMI, CNRS, Université d’Orléans, Orléans, France
In this paper, we present the numerical modelling of a free-burning arc and its application to the understanding of optical mirage effect which could occur in a TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) device used in welding applications.
Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany
Viscous fingering is a topic of interest since the beginning of computational fluid dynamics. Here we focus on the classical constellation of miscible displacement, as it has been investigated in Hele-Shaw cells. A temperature or salinity front is entering with a fluid that has a different viscosity. The pure 1D flow is destabilized by the Saffman-Taylor instability. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® ...
E. Muraca, V. Gramigna, and G. Fragomeni
Department of Experimental Medicine and Clinic, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
The goal of this research is to provide the medical staff with a numerical system assessment of wall shear stress in carotid bifurcation. Through this model, it will be fundamental to investigate the stress state properties of the surface in contact between the plaque and the artery, and study the geometric relationship between the bifurcation angle and fluid structural properties. The formation ...
C. Horch, S. Schlayer, and F. Stallmach
Faculty of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
For low-field NMR (Nuclear magnetic resonance), NdFeB permanent magnet arrangements are proposed to provide the static polarizing magnetic field. Especially a parallel and a circular arrangement of the permanent magnets, iron yokes and small shim magnets were tested and improved by COMSOL. The intent was to guide the design and the construction of NMR magnets by calculating the magnetic field ...
Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies Research Unit, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Povo, TN, Italy
Stationary flow configurations in curved pipes constitute an important subject from both the theoretical and the practical point of view. A typical application concerns the calculation of secondary flow effects on the thermal efficiency of heat exchangers. Motivated by a similar problem, this paper investigates the flow patterns in a helical duct of non trivial cross section. The considered ...