S. Ghadge, N. Misal, A. Shinde
SVERI's College Of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
Mixing is an important process in a microfluidic system such as micro total analysis systems. In this paper, design and analysis of various micro-mixers for enhancing the mixing performance is presented. At first, the basic principles of mixing along with the mixing length and mixing time calculations are discussed. In general, macro-scale mixing is achieved with turbulence while mixing in micro ...
V. Nivethitha, S. P. Rakavi, K. C. Devi
PSG College Of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
In this work, a piezoelectric tactile sensor will be designed and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The sensor is designed in order to assess the pressure exerted on the human body while the robotic surgery is performed. The sensor consists of a rigid and compliant cylindrical element. A circular PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) film is sandwiched between the rigid cylinder and the base plate to ...
D. Gasperino 
 Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA
INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...
Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors
P. N. Ciesielski , D. Robichaud , B. Donohoe , M. Nimlos ,
 Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
 National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...
A. G. S. Barreto Neto , A. M. N. Lima , C. S. Moreira ,
 Instituto Federal de Ciência e Tecnologia - IFPB, João Pessoa, PB, Brasil
 Universidade Federal de Campina Grande - UFCG, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil
Este trabalho trata do dimensionamento da estrutura bocal/difusor utilizando a simulação computacional com fronteira móvel. Esse tipo de simulação contempla toda estrutura da bomba, isto é, câmara de bombeamento, difusor e área de dispersão de fluxo, de modo a contabilizar o refluxo em função da estrutura, possibilitando um projeto mais realísticos da estrutura.
M. M. Saidi 
 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Ocean is the cornerstone in Earth’s system because the surface of the Earth is covered by ocean about 71%. Ocean also holds approximate 97% of the Earth’s water. Ocean is always moving and continuous. This study is focusing on the ocean movement in Southern Ocean which is located in the southernmost of the Earth. It can be called as Antarctica Ocean because it consists of the waters extending ...
M. Jia , S. Du ,
 School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, PR China
Abstract: A 3.2V/10Ah LFP aluminum-laminated batteries are chosen as the target of the present study. A three-dimensional thermal simulation model is established based on finite element theory and proceeding from the internal heat generation of the battery. The study illustrates a three-dimensional relationship among the total internal heat generation rate of the battery, the discharge rate ...
Interpretation of Measurements with Novel Thermal Conductivity Sensors Suitable for Space Applications
N. I. Kömle, G. Kargl, E. Kaufmann, J. Knollenberg, and W. Macher
Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
DLR Institut für Planetenforschung, Berlin, Germany
Thermal conductivity of near surface soil layers is a key parameter for understanding the energy balance of planetary bodies. To measure this property, heated needle sensors are frequently used in field and laboratory applications. To adapt this type of sensors for application on space missions, various modifications have to be implemented. An example for such a modified sensor is the so ...
S. Kumar, and S. Panigrahi
 Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
The novel concept of distributing the food super chilled (partially frozen) in order to prolong the shelf life has been suggested in the project. The temperature of the distribution chain is envisaged to be +5C. The suggested application has the following advantages: 1) Partial thawing of the product in the distribution chain makes it easier to handle. 2) The unhealthy and labour-demanding ...
Numerical Simulations Demonstrate Safe Vitrification and Warming of Embryos Using the Rapid-i™ Device
B.O.J. Johansson, Y.A. Tarakanov, H.J. Lehmann, and S.P. Apell
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
Vitrolife Sweden AB, Västra Frölunda, Sweden
During cryopreservation of human embryos, ice crystal formation in the embryos or in surrounding media may cause cryodamage to them and can be lethal. A strategy to avoid this is the vitrification procedure when the embryo and the surrounding medium undergo the transition to glassy state rather than a crystalline one during cooling. Similarly, recrystallization in the embryo or the medium must ...