S. Nelson, and M. Guvench
University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics is employed to model, simulate and predict the performance of a high Q, in-plane rotational resonating MEMS sensor. The resonating sensor disk is driven by thermal expansion and contraction of the support tethers due to AC joule heating. The resonant frequency is sensed by stationary contacts. For cost reduction, the relatively simple, low cost SOIMUMPS fabrication process is ...
Experimentally Matched Finite Element Modeling of Thermally Actuated SOI MEMS Micro-Grippers Using COMSOL Multiphysics
M. Guvench, and J. Crosby
University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA
In “Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems” shortly known as MEMS, one of the most important and effective principle of creating transduction of electrical power to displacement force is thermal expansion. A slim beam of MEMS material, typically Silicon, is heated by the application of electrical current via Joule heating; it expands and creates motion. In the design of many MEMS devices ...
T.F. Petersen, N. Pryds, and A. Smith
Risø National Laboratory, Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Department, Roskilde
The Magnetic Refrigerator (MR) is a special type of refrigerator with potential to reduce the energy consumption of household refrigeration by a factor of two or more. To conduct numerical analysis of an experimental MR, a mathematical model was developed. The model solves the coupled Navier-Stokes and heat transfer equations which describe the physical phenomenon occurring within the MR. To ...
D. Peyrard, Ph. Vervier, S. Sauvage, J.M. Sánchez-Pérez, and M. Quintard
 Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes, Toulouse
 Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse
The hyporheic zone is defined as an area where water and matter exchange through the sand, gravel, sediments and other permeable soils under and beside streams. Its impact on the hydro-system function is determined by the proportion of subsurface biogeochemical reactions and the fluxes of water exchanging with the hyporheic zone and flowing through the porous sediments. The objective of our ...
In this presentation we outline our recent work on Magnetic Liquids, and the great number of application areas these are used. Ferrofluids are nanometer sized magnetic particles, covered by a surfactant, suspended in a carrier medium compatible with the surfactant material. Ferrofluids are applicable to a great and ever increasing number of application areas, such as: • Liquid Seals and ...
Centro Ricerche FIAT
Fuel cell converts chemical energy directly to electrical energy through oxidation-reduction reactions. It consists of an electrolyte between two electrodes, the anode and the cathode. The engineering and materials challenges that must be overcome to produce fuel cells small enough for micro-applications (telephones, PDAs, etc.) are enormous, and will require innovative ...
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos, NM
In this presentation, the following modeling applications are considered: Heat treatment of carbon fiber-epoxy parts Growth and contact of corrosion spot Gas saturation in epoxy cartridges Design of mechanical assembly for corrosion All models are accompanied with a description of the physics, problem formulation as well as results from ...
C. Del Vecchio
INAF-OAA, Firenze, Italy
The thin shell of the LBT Adaptive Secondary Mirror has been manufactured, optically polished, and delivered. The operations and tests required before finally mounting it on the telescope have to be run very carefully, as they imply loads completely different from the ones of the adaptive operational modes - studied in the past with very encouraging results. Deformations and stresses that occur ...
K. Fataoui1, B. Pateyron1, M. El Ganaoui1, M. Amara1, H. Rhanim2, and A. Belafhal2
1Université de Limoges, Limoges, France
2Faculté des Sciences, Université Chouaib Doukkali, El Jadida, Marocco
Since the nineties many works have been dedicated to splat formation modeling. The main part of these works takes into account the molten droplet impact onto a flat surface, its flattening and solidification.The aim of this work is to test if a simplified model in 2D allows to characterize the real contact between the splat and the substrate and to compare the results of the experiments and the ...
Dual Solutions for Viscous Mixed Convection Flows in a Vertical Circular Duct: A Numerical Benchmark
S. Lazzari1, A. Barletta1 , E. Magyari1,2, and F. Piccinini3
1Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale (DIENCA), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2Institute of Building Technology, ETH - Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
3Biomedical Engineering, Engineering School of Cesena, Cesena, Italy
Forced and free convection flow in a vertical isothermal circular duct is studied by taking into account the internal heating due to viscous dissipation. The momentum and energy balance equations lead to a nonlinear boundary value problem that is solved numerically by means of the finite-element software COMSOL Multiphysics.For any prescribed value of the average velocity smaller than a maximum, ...