S. Harrison, M. Young, M. Hayne, P. D. Hodgson, R. J. Young, A. Strittmatter, A. Lenz, U. W. Pohl, D. Bimberg
Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
Institut für Festkörperphysik, Berlin, Germany
Low-dimensional semiconductor nanostructures, in which charge carriers are confined in a number of spatial dimensions, are the focus of much solid-state physics research, offering superior optical and electronic properties over their bulk counterparts. Both two-dimensional (2D) and zero-dimensional (0D) structures have seen wide-ranging applications in laser diodes, solar cells and LEDs to name ...
Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new
K. Strehlow, J. Gottsmann, A. Rust
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...
D. Trushnikov, G. Mladenov
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia
Institute of Electronics of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
This work describes a model for plasma formation in the keyhole and above the EBW zone. The parameters of the plasma are closely connected to the characteristics of the thermal action of the electron beam on the welded metal, which allows operational control and study of EBW. The ionization intensity of the vapour due to beam electrons and high-energy secondary and backscattered electrons is ...
H. Karakuzu, M. Dubov, S. Boscolo
 Aston University, Birmingham, UK
We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...
Numerical Simulation of Chamber Design for Pulsed Electric Fields Processing of Wet Olive Pomace - new
N. Varga, I. Perales, A. Portugal
ATEKNEA Solutions Hungary, Budapest, Hungary
ATEKNEA Solutions Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain
The application of pulsed electric fields (PEF) is well known in the food industry as an advanced technology for mass transfer improvement. A new potential adaptation area of PEF could be extracting a valuable antioxidant called polyphenol from wet olive pomace (WOP) which is a by-product of olive oil production. The modelling includes the PEF effects on the WOP which is flowing through a ...
M. Audley, G. de Lange, G. Keizer, C. Bracken
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Groningen, The Netherlands
National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland
We are investigating gold-plated micromachined silicon integrating cavities for arrays of far infrared Transition Edge Sensor bolometers. We present the results of our simulations and show how we used COMSOL Multiphysics® software to optimize the geometry of the integrating cavity. We show that we can achieve a high optical efficiency over a wide frequency range.
M. A. Baig , A. Prabhakar ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
We calculate the maximum force acting on the mirror and found it to be 0.54 µN at 700 V. The force magnitude can be improved by increasing voltage and diminishing the separation between plates. The force along X, Y-axis acts towards the center of the plates and in Z direction towards the plates to which the mass is closer.
Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...
High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results
I.A. Ivan, M. Rakotondrabe, and N. Chaillet
FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France
New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...
A. E. Khabbazi, A.J. Richards, and M. Hoorfar
School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada
Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.