Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Modeling of Pit Growth in Microstructure

S. Qidwai[1], N. Kota[2], V. DeGiorgi[1]
[1]Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
[2]Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA

Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...

Reactive Transport Processes in Compacted Bentonite

A.E. Idiart[1], M. Pekala[1], A. Nardi[1], D. Arcos[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The Swedish Organization for Radioactive Waste (SKB) is considering disposal High Level Wastes in a deep underground repository. Bentonite clay is planned to be used in the near-field of the waste packages as buffer material. The buffer is expected to provide a favorable environment with limited radionuclide migration due to slow diffusion and retardation by sorption and cation-exchange effects. ...

Development of Magnetic Field Components for the Polarisation Option of the Neutron Spectrometer FOCUS

L. Holitzner[1], U. Filges[1], J.P. Embs[2], T. Fennell[2], T. Panzner[1]
[1]Laboratory for Developments and Methods, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland

We show a new, favourable space-saving method to host a neutron polarizer in the iron-containing monochromator shielding of a time-of-flight spectrometer for cold neutrons. In this poster you can learn e.g., how to create a robust, homogeneous, rectangular magnetic field (here realized by permanent magnet queues inside an iron tube). The time-of-flight spectrometer FOCUS at the spallation ...

Thermal Integration of Coupled SOFC System with a High-Performing Metal Hydride Storage

A. Mossadegh Pour[1], A. Dhira [1], R. Steinberger-Wilckensa[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Auxiliary Power Units can play an important role in reducing vehicle emissions, especially in diesel and kerosene driven vehicles. In conventional vehicles the electricity supply comes from a generator that is directly coupled to the propulsion engine. New generation of fuel cell APUs exclusively use Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with some developments in high temperature polymer electrolyte membranes ...

Design of Multiple Ground System for Maternal Defibrillation - new

A. Jeremic[1], E. Khoshrowshahli[2]
[1]Electrical & Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
[2]Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Although cardiac arrest may be statistically insignificant event financial and more important emotional costs in such cases are quite devastating. In this paper we study the effects of multiple grounding pads. Namely, we believe that by placing multiple pads in the lower abdominal part we would be able to decrease the current density that would be dissipated to fetus and amniotic ...

Stresses Due to Intercalation of Non-Spherical Lithium Storage Particles - new

R. Purkayastha[1], R. McMeeking[2]
[1]Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
[2]University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

Due to computational considerations most models of lithium storage particles in batteries incorporate spherical particles. However most storage particles used in battery electrodes tend to be irregular in shape with sharp edges and extended aspect ratios. The change of the relative surface area to the volume of the particle can lead to a change in the stress response of the particle for the same ...

Simulations of Micropumps Based on Tilted Flexible Structures - new

M. J. Hancock[1], N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. C. Demirel[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC, Needham, MA, USA
[2]The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...

Thermal Stresses in Functionally Graded Metal-Ceramic Plates - new

E. Gutierrez-Miravete [1],
[1] Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA

Functionally graded composite materials are attracting interest among design engineers since structural component properties can be designed and customized into finished parts through processing. The controlled variable is the concentration of reinforcing particles at various points within the component. While locally isotropic, part properties can be made to vary in a controlled manner from ...

Cascades of Secondary Particles in High Voltage Accelerators

M. Cavenago[1], P. Antonini[1][3], P. Veltri[2], N. Pilan[2], V. Antoni[2], and G. Serianni[2]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
[2]Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
[3]Centro Ric. E. Fermi, Roma, Italy

A very simplified system for high voltage test is studied, considering reason for voltage holding failures which are not covered by conventional and local design criteria. A first understanding of the problem is obtained by solving the electrostatic potential in a 2D axis symmetric geometry, considering in detail the electrode shapes, and following a cascade of particle between opposite ...

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