Department of Materials Engineering,
The University of Tokyo
This paper showed that: * SAG-MOCVD is a powerful tool to fabricate OEICs and is also effective to extract true surface kinetics during MOCVD. * GaAs-MOCVD process was examined by SAG analysis where it was seen that below 600ºC, surface kinetics shows non-linear behavior. * Surface reaction rate constant of adsorbed species was constant against offset angle, while adsorption equilibrium ...
Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
A.R. Sánchez-Guitard, E. Ruiz-Reina
University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain
In this work, we study the design of a new integrated system for Solar Water Heating that combines the solar thermal energy collection (primary circuit) with the heat storage (secondary circuit) into the same device. We have performed different finite element method simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics®, for solving the equations of heat transfer (conduction and convection) and those of fluid ...
Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new
J. Knox, R. F. Coker, C. F. Gomez, R. Schunk, R. Cummings
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit" . Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project , efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...
R. Winz, N. Schröder, W. Wiechert, and E. von Lieres
Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...
V. Gnanaraj, V. Mohan, and B. Vellaikannan
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
A fundamental understanding of the transport phenomena in microfluidic channels is critical for systematic design and precise control of such miniaturized devices towards the integration and automation of Lab-on- a-chip devices. Electroosmotic flow is widely used to transport and mix fluids in microfluidic systems. Electroosmotic transport in convergent divergent micronozzle is significant in ...
S. Mitra, P. Sharma, M. Godbole, and M. Kumar KM
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
 GE Global Research, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
The effects of electric fields on combustion flames have been studied by using several types of experimental techniques as well as few numerical methods. The flame is influenced by the electric field mainly due to the charges present as a result of chemical reactions that take place in the flame. From earlier experiments it was established that the electrical power required to do so is very less ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics was used for the reliability evaluation for static chamber method at landfill sites. Static chamber method, which measures landfill gas emission fluxes, is widely used at landfill sites for the monitoring of greenhouse gas emission such as methane and carbon dioxide. The accuracy and the reliability of static chamber method are dependent on the measuring ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Heat conduction through a slab, 0 ≤ x ≤ W is one dimensional. However, if one of the edges, say x=0, is rough the conduction will be two dimensional. The two dimensionality varies with the correlation length with a maximum at a length approximately 10% of the slab width. The maximum percentage standard deviation of the flux is of the order of 3 time that of the roughness. Monte ...
S. Bellur, B. Agasanpura, and C. Coronella
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA
The aim of the present work is the formulation of a computational model describing transport phenomena in transient biosolids drying. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to perform the simulations, with two spatial dimensions. After a time step of 0.1 s, we found that the solid reached thermal equilibrium with the surrounding gas, which is consistent with empirical correlations.