Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Hierarchical Modeling of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

J. Dujc[1], J.O. Schumacher[1]
[1]Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW), Institute of Computational Physics (ICP), Winterthur, Switzerland

A finite element model of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is described in this paper. We divide the PEMFC into two separate and parallel 2D regions which are connected by the 1D regions representing the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). COMSOL Multiphysics® was used as a development tool for hierarchical 1D MEA models. Here we present a 1D model that is based on seven governing ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Models Combined with Experiments to Teach PID Controller Tuning

W. Clark[1]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

A laboratory exercise to learn PID controller tuning can be time consuming and taxing on the equipment. A purely equation-based, virtual controller tuning exercise might not seem relevant to real world processes. We have combined a physical process with a COMSOL Multiphysics model to teach the practical aspects of PID controller tuning. Students ran simulated experiments with COMSOL to test ...

Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques - new

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

Simulation of MEMS Based Pressure Sensor for Diagnosing Sleep Disorders

J. Vijitha[1], S. S. Priya[1], K. C. Devi[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Sleep apnea is a type of sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during sleep. There is a need to diagnose sleep apnea since it leads to fluctuations in the oxygen level that in turn affect the heart rate and blood pressure. In order to detect this disorder, a Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based piezoelectric pressure sensor ...

The Effect of Space Charge due to the Auto-Ionization of Neutral, Hydrogenic States in Point-Contact Germanium Detectors at MilliKelvin Temperatures - new

D. Faiez[1], N. Mirabolfathi[1], B. Sadoulet[1], K. M. Sundqvist[2]
[1]Department of Physics, University of California - Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
[2]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

A class of semiconducting detectors, operated at temperature T~50mK, has direct application to the search for dark matter particle, when are able to simultaneously measure both the ionization and phonons created by particle interactions. We explore the effect of space charge accumulation in a germanium p-type point contact detector which arises due to the auto-ionization of hydrogenic ...

Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach - new

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

First Approach Toward a Modeling of the Impedance Spectroscopic Behavior of Microbial Living Cells

D. Rauly [1], P. Xavier [1], E. Chamberod [2], J. M. F. Martins [3], J. Angelidis [4], H. Belbachir [5]
[1] IMEP-LAHC, Universite Grenoble Alpes, France
[2] IUT, Universite Grenoble Alpes, France
[3] LTHE, Grenoble Alps University - CNRS - IRD, France
[4] LEAS, St. Ismier, France
[5] HBA Biotech SA, Grenoble, France

The subject of the interactions between electromagnetic (EM) fields and living cells is a strong issue for several decades [1]. Large number of works have been done to study the EM field penetration and inner induced currents in living microorganisms. Relevant information to be collected deals with level and frequency of the EM signal that may affect the development of the considered cells. The ...

基于 DTI 纤维追踪和有限元力学模型的脑损伤轴突纤维损伤研究

李娜 [1], 李江红 [2]
[1] 中南大学湘雅三医院,长沙,湖南,中国
[2] 中车集团南车研究所,株洲,湖南,中国

研究头部损伤机理是对运动撞击中脑损伤进行预测的有效手段。数学模型是分析损伤实验数据、预测人员碰撞损伤程度的唯一方法,但现有的头部损伤有限元模型基于尸体实验数据,且忽略脑组织结构的各向异性。本项目旨在提出并实现一种以损伤生物力学为基础、结合磁共振扫描 DTI 的轴突走向信息的有限元力学模型。提取脑外伤前的弥散张量成像信息,实现深入到轴突水平有限元力学模型的建立,在有限元模拟中采用非线性超弹性力学模型,并植入 NSGAII 最优化方法对有限元模型的材料参数进行优化,从而提高模型的稳定性和计算精度;将计算预测结果与损伤后 DTI 的 FA 值所表现的轴突断裂情况进行验证, 探索活体环境下碰撞损伤中脑轴突的损伤性变化,从而获得脑外伤损伤程度与力学因素之间的关系,为脑外伤损伤程度的预测和脑外伤损伤标准的校正提供精确完整的信息。本项目的研究成果将在汽车碰撞的乘员防护设计上有重要的理论指导价值。 ...

FEM Modeling in Robust Design for Graphene-Based Electromagnetic Shielding

S. Elia [1], G. Granata [1], P. Lamberti [1], V. Tucci [1],
[1] University Of Salerno, Italy

Electromagnetic shielding design is usually approached referring to nominal values of the main parameters. This could lead to malfunctioning devices and its performance differ widely from what was really aimed at or, worse, the final design product could even be physically unrealizable. This work presents a robust approach to the design of EM Shielding based on Graphene (Gph) layers. It is a two ...